ALGERIA CALLS FOR TOTAL ELIMINATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS
UNITED NATIONS, -- Algerian Minister of State and Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation Ramtane Lamamra has called on the world's nuclear powers to take their responsibilities to put into effect their commitments relating to the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals.
Speaking during the celebration of the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, organized by the President of the UN General Assembly here Monday, Lamamra stressed that "the only guarantee against the use or the threat of use of nuclear weapons is their total elimination, in order to achieve the goal of building a safer world for all, and to establish peace and security in a nuclear-weapon-free world".
He deplored the fact that nuclear weapons are the basis of military doctrine of several countries that use them as a way of dissuasion in their foreign policies after more than 46 years of the coming into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), while launching a call "to all parties that remain outside of this treaty to join it without further delay".
Pending the total elimination of nuclear weapons, Lamamra stressed "the need to take effective and urgent measures in this field, notably, the conclusion of an international instrument with legally binding force, providing guarantees of non-use of these weapons against non-nuclear countries, the coming into force of the Treaty of the Total Ban of Nuclear Tests and the creation of nuclear-weapons-free zones in the world".
In this regard, he recalled that Algeria was among the first countries to ratify the Treaty of Pelindaba, establishing a nuclear-weapons-free zone in Africa, and invited the concerned countries to ratify the three protocols annexed to this treaty.
Furthermore, he deplored the total absence of progress in the creation of zones free of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, which represents a real threat to peace and stability in the region and in the world.
Broaching the disastrous effects of nuclear weapons "that Algeria continues to suffer the consequences since the sixties," the minister said that "Algeria recently signed the humanitarian commitment, which reflects the constant awareness of the international community of the dangers of these weapons, to combine our country's efforts to those of other nations that work for the cause of nuclear disarmament."
The minister highlighted "the importance of issues relating to disarmament, the non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to international security, to which Algeria brings a significant contribution through its active participation in this field as reflected, notably, by the chairmanship of the works of the first session of the conference on disarmament by President of the Republic Abdelaziz Bouteflika in 1979 (as the then Minister of Foreign Affairs), and particularly his statement on this occasion which is a source of inspiration for these works."
Source: Nam News Network